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Was haben Hans, Petersilie und Jerusalem gemein?

von Ulrich W. Sahm, Jerusalem, 24. August 2005 

Wegen Hans könnte der Dritte Weltkrieg ausbrechen und wegen Petersilie schickte Spanien seine Marine vor die Küste Marokkos. 

Hans und Petersilie sind winzige unbewohnte Inseln. Petersilie wird von Spanien beansprucht und ist ein besserer Felsbrocken vor der Küste Marokkos. Aus unerfindlichen Gründen kamen vor einem Jahr die Marokkaner auf die Idee, ihre Flagge auf der Mini-Insel im Mittelmeer zu hissen, was die Spanier nicht auf sich sitzen lassen konnten. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wesentlich delikater ist der Streit um Hans, ein gottverlassenes Inselchen in der Arktis zwischen dem dänischen Grönland und dem kanadischen Festland. Grönland ist übrigens eine „Autonomie“ und diente als Vorbild für die palästinensische Autonomie. 

 

 

 

 

Der Streitapfel zwischen Dänemark und Kanada ist gerade mal 1,3 Quadratkilometer groß und beherbergt weder Baum noch Gestrüpp. 1974 haben Dänemark und Kanada ihre Grenze „mitten in die legendäre Nordwestpassage zwischen Atlantik und Pazifik“ festgelegt, aber vergessen, dass es da noch ein paar Inseln gibt. Nachdem Dänemarks  Grönlandminister 1984 die Insel besuchte und eine Brandy-Flasche mit angehängtem Zettel „Welcome to Denmark“ begrub, eskalierte eine gefährliche Krise zwischen Kopenhagen und Ottawa. Vor einem Monat hisste der kanadische Verteidigungsminister auf Hans die rotweiße Flagge mit dem Ahornblatt. Inzwischen patrouillieren Kanada wie Dänemark mit Kriegsschiffen rund um die Insel. Da besannen sich die USA und Russland auf ihre Interessen. Sollte die Nordwestpassage dank der Erderwärmung auftauen, müsse die Meerenge zum internationalen Gewässer deklariert werden. Weltumspannendes Krisengebiet also, obgleich kein Erdöl in der Region vermutet wird und Hans noch keine Debatten im UNO-Sicherheitsrat ausgelöst hat. 

Selbstverständlich maßen wir uns keine Meinung an, welches Land die besseren historischen Ansprüche auf Petersilie oder Hans besitzt. Und was hat das mit dem Quadratkilometer Jerusalemer Altstadt mitsamt seinen Heiligtümern zu tun? Auch bei dem lächerlich kleinen Jerusalem wollen wir nicht entscheiden, wer im Recht ist. Spaniens Juan Carlos ist „König von Jerusalem“, der Papst hält sich für den Hüter Jerusalems, zusammen mit den Nachfolgern der Zaren. Der König von Saudi Arabien hat in Konkurrenz mit dem Haschemitischen Königshaus von Jordanien Ansprüche angemeldet, von Palästinensern und Israelis ganz zu schweigen. Vielleicht sollte die internationale Weltgemeinschaft den pingeligen Spaniern, Dänen, Kanadiern und Marokkanern vorschlagen, ihren Streit wegen Hans und Petersilie gemäß dem Prinzip „Land für Frieden“ zu schlichten.  Bewusst lassen wir offen, welche Partei auf das Land verzichten sollte im Tausch für einen langersehnten Frieden in Mittelmeer oder Arktis. 

ÓUlrich W. Sahm

Vital Facts and Statistics:

Population: Zero
Endemic Wildlife: None
Retail Outlets: None
ATM Machines: None
Airport: No
Helicopter Landing Zone: Yes
Size: 1.3 square km
Contents: 1 Canadian Flag, 1 plaque, 1 Inukshuk
Visits by a Head of State: Zero
Visits by a Canadian Cabinet Minister: One
Official Song: This Land is Our Land

 

Wichtige Links zu dem Krieg um Hans und Petersilie:

http://zeus.zeit.de/text/2003/02/Petersilieninsel

http://smh.com.au/news/breaking/canada-denmark-clash-in-google-ads/2005/07/29/1122144006459.html?from=moreStories

http://www.rickbroadhead.com/hans.htm

http://www.cangeo.ca/hansIsland/time.asp

 

The Hans of Time

1300s - The Greenland Inuit likely used Hans Island as a vantage point both for hunting, and to monitor ice floes in the Kennedy Channel.

1850s- 1880s - British and American explorers lead expeditions in the general vicinity of Hans Island. Some were in pursuit of the elusive Northwest Passage, others the North Pole, while others searched for survivors of British explorer John Franklin’s1845 expedition.

1871- American explorer Charles Francis Hall sets sail for North Pole, on the ill-fated Polaris. He hires a Greenlander by the name of Hans Hendrik as his hunter and guide. On their way through the Kennedy Channel, Hall notices a tiny island between Ellesmere Island and the Greenland Coast, unnamed on maps made by earlier American explorer Elisha Kent Kane. Hall names the island “Hans Island” after his guide, and this name appears on a map published in 1874.

1933 - The Permanent Court of International Justice declares Greenland to be part of the Kingdom of Denmark. The status of Hans Island is not addressed in the ruling. Today, Denmark claims that Hans is part of the same geological formation as Greenland, and therefore is Danish soil. Denmark also argues that Hans Island is closer to Greeland than it is to Ellesmere Island, Canadian soil.

1971- Canada claims that Hans Island is part of its territory during negotiations with the Danes over the maritime boundary between Greenland and Canada. A treaty that delimits the Continental Shelf between the two countries is signed, but no boundary is drawn over or around Hans Island.

1980 -1983 - Dome Petroleum, a Canadian-based company, conducts research on Hans Island without the knowledge of the Danes. The Canadian government says they had no knowledge of the company operating in the area.

July 28,1984 - Denmark’s minister of Greenlandic affairs, Tom Høyem, flies by helicopter to Hans Island and plants a Danish flag on the island. The Canadian government protests.

1988 - HDMS Tulugaq, a fishing patrol vessel, transports a crew to Hans Island. They erect a flagpole and a Danish flag on the island.

1995 - A Danish crew stationed at the U.S. Thule Air Base erect another flagpole and flag on Hans.

2000 - Geologists with the Geological Survey of Canada fly to Hans Island as part of their survey of North Ellesmere island.

August 13, 2002 - Danish ship HDMS Vœdderen stops at Hans Island and replaces the tattered 1995 flag.

August 1, 2003 - The crew of Denmark’s HDMS Triton lands on Hans and, again, the Danish flag is replaced.

July 13. 2005 - Canadian soldiers land on Hans, erect a Canadian flag and an Inukshuk (a traditional Inuit stone figure) on the island.

July 20, 2005 - Canadian Defence Minister Bill Graham visits Hans Island during his tour of Canada’s arctic military outposts. Denmark issues a Letter of Protest to Canada.

July 28, 2005 - The Danish ambassador to Canada, Poul E.D. Kristensen, publishes a letter in the Ottawa Citizen stating that Hans Island belongs to the Kingdom of Denmark.

August 4, 2005 - Denmark again sends HDMS Tulugaq to Hans Island to assert Danish sovereignty.

August 8, 2005 - Danish Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen says Canada has agreed to negotiate with Denmark over Hans Island. Foreign ministers from Canada, Denmark and Greenland will meet in New York in September during the UN General Assembly.
August 15, 2005 - The Danish foreign ministry announces that HDMS Tulugaq will not visit Hans Island this year, in order to cool increasing diplomatic tensions between Canada and Denmark.

September 19, 2005 - At the 60th anniversary summit of the United Nations, Canadian Foreign Affairs Minister Pierre Pettigrew says an agreement has been made with the Danish officials on a process to end the dispute over Hans Island.

 

 

JOINT STATEMENT


SEPTEMBER 19, 2005, NEW YORK

We, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Canada, Pierre S. Pettigrew, and the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Denmark, Per Stig Møller, met today, September 19, 2005, in the margins of the United Nations General Assembly, in New York, to reaffirm our excellent, long-standing bilateral relations as friends, allies and Arctic neighbours. The Danish Minister for Foreign Affairs was accompanied by the Deputy Premier of Greenland, Josef Motzfeldt. Mr. Larry Bagnell, Member of Parliament for the Yukon, accompanied Minister Pettigrew.

Together, we reviewed many of the issues which will be addressed at this General Assembly and on which we are close partners, including climate change, effective multilateralism, transatlantic relations, counter-terrorism, Afghanistan, and the Middle East. We also took note of the upcoming 60th anniversary this December of the establishment of our diplomatic relations.

We have much in common, and we have worked together over many years in advancing the welfare of the Arctic region and its peoples. Through the Arctic Council and other means, we already collaborate closely on challenges facing the Arctic and the North, such as climate change, resource extraction and transport. We also expressed our satisfaction at the recent launch of our joint project to map the seabed of the Arctic Ocean.

We acknowledge that we hold very different views on the question of the sovereignty of Hans Island. This is a territorial dispute which has persisted since the early 1970s, when agreement was reached on the maritime boundary between Canada and Greenland. We underscore that this issue relates only to the island as such, and has no impact on that agreement.

Firmly committed as we are to the peaceful resolution of disputes, including territorial disputes, we consistently support this principle here at the United Nations, and around the world. To this end, we will continue our efforts to reach a long-term solution to the Hans Island dispute. Our officials will meet again in the near future to discuss ways to resolve the matter, and will report back to Ministers on their progress.

While we pursue these efforts, we have decided that, without prejudice to our respective legal claims, we will inform each other of activities related to Hans Island. Likewise, all contact by either side with Hans Island will be carried out in a low key and restrained manner.

We will continue to pursue our common goal of ensuring the sustainable development of the Arctic region to the benefit of all, and in the tradition of cooperation in the region between our scientists we will explore the feasibility of joint scientific projects on or in the area of Hans Island. Such projects might fall within the research being planned in the context of the International Polar Year 2007-08.

 

 

 

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