The Israeli Camp David II Proposals
for Final Settlement
Between July 11-24, 2000, U.S. President Clinton,
Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak and PNA Chairman
Yasser Arafat, along with other officials and technical
advisers met at Camp David in order to negotiate a final
settlement of the Palestine-Israel conflict based on the
Oslo accords. The negotiations ended in failure with a
bland communique, since the sides could not agree about
the issue of Jerusalem. The Palestinians demanded
sovereignty over all of East Jerusalem including the
Haram-As-Sharif (Temple Mount). It is not clear if there
was agreement about the refugee issue either.
Palestinians are now (February 2001) demanding full
implementation of the right of return of the refugees,
under UN Resolution 194. Israel offered proposals
regarding the settlement that were modified in
subsequent negotiations. These were modified in various
ways by U.S. bridging poposals. The details of the
proposals are still secret at this time. Israel claims
that they were far reaching and generous. The
Palestinians have been claiming that the proposals would
have perpetuated the precise situation of the interim
agreements, in which the West Bank is divided into
numerous small areas of Palestinian sovereignty
interspersed with a much larger area of Israeli
The account below is gathered from various sources and
is not official. It is believed to be correct at least
in major points.
A note on areas and percentages: The total area of
Israel and Palestine between the Jordan river and the
sea is slightly over 10,000 square miles (26,000 sq km).
The area of the entire West Bank is about 2,200 square
miles while that of the Gaza strip is approximately 140
square miles. In reporting the proposals different
sources give percentage values to designate the land
area to be returned. The percentages vary. In part this
depends on whether they include a large area surrounding
Jerusalem, to be annexed by Israel according to the
proposals, as part of the West Bank. This area may
account for about 7% of the total area of the West bank.
It is not clear how much of these reports represent the
Israeli proposal from first-hand sources, how much are
due to "leaks" from various sources, and how
much reflect the American bridging proposals, which were
not necessarily accepted by either side.
If you have additional or contradictory information and
maps to contribute, we will be glad to post them.
Prior to the Camp David Summit, a map was published that
gives an idea of the Israeli concessions and the
approximate areas involved. However, the Israeli offer
at Camp David included about 10% more land than is shown
in the map, joining the two northern parts of Palestine.
Click here to see the map (takes a while to download)!.
Later maps prepared by the Palestinian Orient House team
confirm the basic outline of the settlement detailed in
this account and the earlier map, showing the West Bank
divided into several enclaves with numerous tiny
enclaves around Jerusalem. Click here to see the maps.
On September 17, 2000, according to an AP story,
Palestinians announced that they would no longer accept
any settlement that did not include all the territory of
the West Bank, and would be granted sovereignty over
East Jerusalem including the Haram As Sharif (Temple
On November 16, 2,000, according to Israel radio,
Israeli Foreign Minister Ben-Ami revealed that Israel
had offered a limited form of sovereignty over the
temple mount to a Muslim entity, rather than to the PNA.
Further negotiations with the Barak government and
President Clinton, apparently resulted in these maps
(click), prepared by pro-Palestinian sources, which do
not substantially alter the proposals. It is interesting
that rather than presenting a tight security border, the
Israeli proposals provide a huge and tortuous frontier
that would require extraordinary resources to patrol.
The only reason one can surmise for such a frontier is a
desire to keep isolated settlements under Israeli rule
at all costs.
Documents reportedly submitted by Palestinian and
Israeli negotiators at Taba in December 2000 and January
2001 reveal how far the sides remain on the question of
refugees, despite agreement on many other issues.
The collapse of the Oslo Peace Process following the
violence begun by Palestinians on September 28, 2000,
and the subsequent election of hard-line Israeli PM
Ariel Sharon, has given rise to a variety of analysis
and comments based on recollections and rumors,
concerning the nature of proposals.
Essentials of the Camp David II
Proposals by Israel
1. Palestinian Statehood and Conditions
A Palestinian state would be established in most of the
West Bank and all of the Gaza strip, with these
The state would not have an army with heavy weapons,
The state would not make alliances with other countries
without Israeli approval and would not allow
introduction of foreign forces west of the River Jordan.
Israel would be allowed deploy troops in the Jordan
Valley if Israel were to be threatened by invasion from
Israeli aircraft could overfly Palestinian airspace.
Israeli would install early warning stations in the
mountains overlooking the Jordan valley and other areas.
Palestinians would control border crossings with Jordan
and Egypt along with Israeli security observation.
The Israelis would retain management over water sources
in the West Bank while approving a limited quota to the
Israel would lease areas in the Jordan Valley or
maintain temporary sovereignty over them for up to 25
The Palestine refugee problem would be solved in the
Israel would not accept any legal or civilian
responsibility for their displacement.
Israel would allow the return of around 100,000 refugees
under "humanitarian" grounds in the form of
family reunions and considers such a step as compliance
with UN Resolution 194.
According to one source, the Palestinian State would be
limited in the number of refugees it could absorb to
half a million refugees according to a fixed timetable.
This is not confirmed by other sources and is
problematic, since a much larger number of refugees,
well over a million, already live in camps in Gaza and
the West Bank.
An international fund would compensate refugees. Israel,
the U.S. and Europe are to contribute. According to one
source, this fund would also provide compensation to
Jews who were forced to leave their possessions in Arab
countries when they fled to Israel.
Palestine would obtain sovereignty over suburbs in the
north and the south of Jerusalem that would be annexed
to the West Bank, including Abu Dees, Alezariye and
Within East Jerusalem, in (Beit Hanina-Shuafat), there
would be a civilian administration affiliated with the
Palestinian Authority with the possibility of linking it
to West Jerusalem through a municipality covering both
sectors. The Palestinians would run a branch
municipality within the framework of the Israeli higher
municipal council while depriving them from planning and
Palestinian, Arab, Islamic and Christian administration
of holy shrines in the old city of Jerusalem. The
Palestinians would be allowed to hoist the Palestinian
flag over the Islamic and Christian shrines along with a
safe passage linking northern Jerusalem, which would be
annexed to the West Bank, to those areas so that
Palestinians and Muslims would not pass through lands
under Israeli sovereignty.
4. Land Area of Palestine
The initial area of the Palestinian state would comprise
about 73% of the land area of the West Bank and all of
Gaza. The West Bank would be divided by the road from
Jerusalem to the Dead Sea and a corridor on either side
of it. This would form two relatively large Palestinian
areas and one small enclave surrounding Jericho. The
three areas would be joined by a free passage without
checkpoints, but the safe passage could be closed by
Israel in case of emergency. According to Palestinian
sources, there would be another division beween the area
north of the Ariel and Shilo settlements along the
trans-Shomron highway built by Israel.
In later stages (10-25 years) Israel would cede
additional areas, particularly in the mountains
overlooking the Jordan valley, to bring the total area
to slightly under 90% of the area of the West Bank (94%
excluding greater Jerusalem).
The major settlement blocks adjacent to Jerusalem and in
the Jerusalem corridor would be annexed to Israel:
Efrat, Gush Etzion, Ma'ale Edumim. The town of Ariel and
the corridor along the trans-Samaria highway would be
annexed to Israel. The Jewish settlement town of Qiriat
Arba would remain under Israeli administration in the
heart of Palestinian territory, with a single road
through Palestinian territory reaching it from the
south. Isolated Jewish settlements including the
settlement in Hebron, would come under Palestinian
jurisdiction and would probably be abandoned.