Israels Einwände gegen die Road Map (inoffizielle
Veröffentlichung in Haaretz)
w w w . h a a r e t z . c o m
Last update - 01:15 27/05/2003
Israel's road map reservations
Prime Minister Ariel Sharon's cabinet on Sunday
approved the "road map" - a three-phase plan that calls for a
settlement freeze and an end to terror attacks in the first stage, a Palestinian
state with temporary borders in the second, and a final-status agreement by
2005. The vote was 12-7 with four abstentions at the end of a stormy six-hour
Israel attached 14 reservations to the road map,
which the U.S. has promised to "fully and seriously address," but this
promise was not an assurance that all of Israel's demands would be met. The
following is the text of the reservations:
Primary themes of Israel's remarks
1. Both at the commencement of, and during the
process, and as a condition to its continuance, calm will be maintained. The
Palestinians will dismantle the existing security organizations and implement
security reforms during the course of which new organizations will be formed and
act to combat terror, violence and incitement (incitement must cease immediately
and the Palestinian Authority must educate for peace).
These organizations will engage in genuine
prevention of terror and violence through arrests, interrogations, prevention
and the enforcement of the legal groundwork for investigations, prosecution and
punishment. In the first phase of the plan and as a condition for progress to
the second phase, the Palestinians will complete the dismantling of terrorist
organizations (Hamas, Islamic Jihad, the Popular Front, the Democratic Front,
Al-Aqsa Brigades and other apparatuses) and their infrastructure; collection of
all illegal weapons and their transfer to a third party for the sake of being
removed from the area and destroyed; cessation of weapons smuggling and weapons
production inside the Palestinian Authority; activation of the full prevention
apparatus and cessation of incitement.
There will be no progress to the second phase
without the fulfillment of all above-mentioned conditions relating to the war
against terror. The security plans to be implemented are the Tenet and Zinni
plans. [As in the other mutual frameworks, the road map will not state that
Israel must cease violence and incitement against the Palestinians].
2. Full performance will be a condition for
progress between phases and for progress within phases. The first condition for
progress will be the complete cessation of terror, violence and incitement.
Progress between phases will come only following the full implementation of the
preceding phase. Attention will be paid not to time lines, but to performance
benchmarks (time lines will serve only as reference points).
3. The emergence of a new and different leadership
in the Palestinian Authority within the framework of governmental reform. The
formation of a new leadership constitutes a condition for progress to the second
phase of the plan. In this framework, elections will be conducted for the
Palestinian Legislative Council following coordination with Israel.
4. The Monitoring mechanism will be under American
management. The chief verification activity will concentrate upon the creation
of another Palestinian entity and progress in the civil reform process within
the Palestinian Authority. Verification will be performed exclusively on a
professional basis and per issue (economic, legal, financial) without the
existence of a combined or unified mechanism. Substantive decisions will remain
in the hands of both parties.
5. The character of the provisional Palestinian
state will be determined through negotiations between the Palestinian Authority
and Israel. The provisional state will have provisional borders and certain
aspects of sovereignty, be fully demilitarized with no military forces, but only
with police and internal security forces of limited scope and armaments, be
without the authority to undertake defense alliances or military cooperation,
and Israeli control over the entry and exit of all persons and cargo, as well as
of its air space and electromagnetic spectrum.
6. In connection to both the introductory
statements and the final settlement, declared references must be made to
Israel's right to exist as a Jewish state and to the waiver of any right of
return for Palestinian refugees to the State of Israel.
7. End of the process will lead to the end of all
claims and not only the end of the conflict.
8. The future settlement will be reached through
agreement and direct negotiations between the two parties, in accordance with
the vision outlined by President Bush in his 24 June address.
9. There will be no involvement with issues
pertaining to the final settlement. Among issues not to be discussed: settlement
in Judea, Samaria and Gaza (excluding a settlement freeze and illegal outposts);
the status of the Palestinian Authority and its institutions in Jerusalem; and
all other matters whose substance relates to the final settlement.
10. The removal of references other than 242 and
338 (1397, the Saudi Initiative and the Arab Initiative adopted in Beirut). A
settlement based upon the road map will be an autonomous settlement that derives
its validity therefrom. The only possible reference should be to Resolutions 242
and 338, and then only as an outline for the conduct of future negotiations on a
11. Promotion of the reform process in the
Palestinian Authority: a transitional Palestinian constitution will be composed,
a Palestinian legal infrastructure will be constructed and cooperation with
Israel in this field will be renewed. In the economic sphere: international
efforts to rehabilitate the Palestinian economy will continue. In the financial
sphere: the American-Israeli-Palestinian agreement will be implemented in full
as a condition for the continued transfer of tax revenues.
12. The deployment of IDF forces along the
September 2000 lines will be subject to the stipulation of Article 4 (absolute
quiet) and will be carried out in keeping with changes to be required by the
nature of the new circumstances and needs created thereby. Emphasis will be
placed on the division of responsibilities and civilian authority as in
September 2000, and not on the position of forces on the ground at that time.
13. Subject to security conditions, Israel will
work to restore Palestinian life to normal: promote the economic situation,
cultivation of commercial connections, encouragement and assistance for the
activities of recognized humanitarian agencies. No reference will be made to the
Bertini Report as a binding source document within the framework of the
14. Arab states will assist the process through the
condemnation of terrorist activity. No link will be established between the
Palestinian track and other tracks (Syrian-Lebanese).